This eLearning lesson on “Drainage of Low Volume Roads” was produced for the ROADEX IV project. The ROADEX IV project, “ROADEX Implementing Accessibility”, is a technical trans-national cooperation project between The Highland Council, Forestry Commission Scotland and the Western Isles Council from Scotland, The Northern Region of The Norwegian Public Roads Administration, The Northern Region of The Swedish Transport Administration and the Swedish Forest Agency, The Centre of Economic Development, Transport and the Environment of Finland, The Government of Greenland, The Icelandic Road Administration, and The National Roads Authority and The Department of Transport of Ireland. The lead partner in the project is The Northern Region of The Swedish Transport Administration and the main project consultant is Roadscanners Oy from Finland.

The goal for the lesson was to bring together the most important issues related to cost effective and sustainable drainage management on low volume roads across the Northern Periphery. A series of chapters are offered on theory, drainage analysis principles, drainage improvement design and good drainage practices in routine maintenance work. All are based on the research results and experiences gathered during the ROADEX projects, supplemented with up-to-date information gathered by the authors in discussions with roads administrations and experts across the Northern Periphery area.

The main production team for the lesson was Annele Matintupa and Timo Saarenketo of Roadscanners Oy. Ron Munro checked the language and gave valuable comments on the manuscript. Mika Pyhähuhta of Laboratorio Uleaborg was responsible for the artistic design and production. Apologies are given to any persons we have failed to acknowledge in the list.

The production team would like to give warm thanks to all the people that have been involved with the eLearning production. They would like to also thank the ROADEX Steering committee, chaired by Mr. Per-Mats Öhberg, for all the support that they have been given in the design and production of the lesson. Their encouragement and enthusiasm has been a constant driving force.

A number of excellent publications are mentioned in the lesson to provide a more thorough understanding of the theories related to drainage issues. The authors recommend the following books and articles for readers wishing to obtain additional detailed theory on the “Drainage of low volume roads”:

  • Bakgrundsdokument till handledning för identifiering av behov av avvattninsåtgärsder. VV Publ 2003:103 Vägdikenas funktion och utformning. Sweden
  • Berntsen, G. 1993. Reduksjon av bæreevnen under teleløsningen. Thesis for the doctorate. Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Trondheim. Norway
  • Berntsen, G. and Saarenketo, T. 2005, Drainage on Low Traffic Volume Roads. ROADEX II Report, Roadex II Northern periphery. 124 p.
  • Carpenter SH & Lytton RL. 1977. Thermal Pavement Cracking in West Texas. TTI Research Report 18-4, Study 2-8-73-1. Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
  • Dawson Andrew 2009. Water in Road Structures, Movement, Drainage & Effects. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. ISBN 978-1-4020-8561-1.
  • Doré G. and Zubeck H. 2009. Cold Regions Pavement Engineering, ASCE Press. ISBN 978-0-07-160088-0
  • Drever J.I. ed. 2004. Surface and Ground Water, Weathering and Soils. Elsevier ISBN: 0-08-044719-8.
  • Fredlund D. G. and Rahardjo H. Soil mechanics for unsaturated soil . 1993. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, USA. ISBN 0-471-85008-X
  • InfraRYL 2010. Infrarakentamisen yleiset laatuvaatimukset. Osa 1 Väylät ja alueet. Rakennustieto Oy. ISBN 978-951-682-958-9. Finland
  • Keller Gordon and Sherar James 2003. Low Volume Roads Engineering. Best Management Practices Field Guide. USDA Forest Service, International Programs & Conservation Management Institute, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
  • Kestler MA (2003) Tecniques for Extending the Life of Low Volume Roads in Seasonal Frost Areas. Transportation Research Record 1819, Volume 2, 275-284.
  • Ravaska O. and Saarenketo T. 1993. Dielectric properties of road aggregates and their effect on GPR srveys. Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Frost in Geotechn. Eng., Anchorage, USA. Balkema.
  • Saarenketo, T. 2006. Electrical properties of Road Materials and Subgrade Soils and the Use of Ground Penetrating Radar in Traffic Infrastructure Surveys. PhD Thesis. Acta Universitas Ouluensis, A471, 121 p + 5 app.
  • Saarenketo, T. 2008. Developing Drainage Guidelines for Maintenance Contracts. ROADEX III, Task B Research Report. p. 59
  • Saarenketo, T. 2008.The Effect of Drainage Condition on the Lifetime of Paved Roads in Northern Periphery. Proceedings of the EPAM3 Conference, Coimbra Portugal.
  • Teiden suunnittelu IV, Tien rakenne 4, Kuivatus. TIEL 2140005. 1993. Tielaitos, Tietekniikka, Kehittämiskeskus. Finland

Finally a special thanks to all of the personnel in the EU Northern Periphery Programme Secretariat and Regional Advisory Groups for the help and support that they have given to the four ROADEX projects over the last 14 years.

Annele Matintupa
Timo Saarenketo
Mika Pyhähuhta